With its mysterious bracts that pose as blooms and its luminous pink-to-white colors, the dogwood is one of the most-prized ornamental trees in the home garden, providing a graceful close to spring. Ornamental crabapple (Malus spp.) Flowering Dogwood sometimes grows to the size of a small tree. The delicately fragrant purple-and-white flowers of the saucer magnolia appear before the leaves unfurl in the spring. Pacific dogwoods have tiny purple-green flower clusters surrounded by large white bracts. But there are many small trees that should suit your space. Ensure well-drained, somewhat acidic soil. The red buckeye puts on a dazzling spring show with vivid red flowers that last for weeks. Temple Jewel If you have a small yard, focus on your vertical space. They can reach heights of 25 to 30 feet. … Other dogwoods have clusters of small, creamy-white flowers. Prune in the early spring if you need to remove damaged portions or shape the plant. And they are very popular with birds. Popular with early butterflies, the eastern redbud averages 20 to 30 feet in height. Enhancing the flowers is the peeling bark in mottled shades of orange, red, brown, and gray. … It produces deep pink to red full-size flowers in spite of its small form, blooming in late April and May, according to Rutgers University. On average, crabapples stop growing at around 12 to 15 feet tall. In spring, these native trees ( Cornus florida ), which grow only to 20 to 30 feet, explode with white (or sometimes pink or red) bracts centered with small clusters of yellow flowers, shouting that winter is finally over. While you would not want to plant a small hawthorn where children or pets will be playing, this tree offers beautiful white spring flowers, long-lasting red fruits that are popular with birds, and glowing orange fall foliage. Also, aim to plant a young eastern redbud and then leave it in place, as these trees typically don’t do well with transplanting. Another excellent specimen among the smaller dogwoods, the Red Pygmy dogwood (Cornus florida 'Red Pygmy'), is a tiny cultivar that reaches a 7-foot height with a 2- to 5-foot spread, according to Missouri Botanical Garden. Kousa dogwood is an excellent small specimen tree. Consider mulch around your tree to keep its roots cool. The genus Cornus incorporates a vast array of trees and shrubs and even a ground cover called "dwarf dogwood." Dogwood tree's true flowers are held in a round cluster at the center of each bract, which stay attached to the branches much longer than actual blooms. See Also The Monday Garden, by Sue Sweeney. Many gardeners choose to remove the pods because they draw energy from the plant. What are your options? So, if you live in the colder end of the growing zones, be sure to mulch the trees heavily in winter. Grow this tree in a location that’s sheltered from strong winds, as its branches are somewhat weak. Flowering dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown. These are smallish trees, reaching a height of around 15 to 30 feet. There are several species and varieties of serviceberry that make excellent landscape plants. The shallow root system will benefit from a layer of mulch to maintain a cool root environment. Most dogwood varieties also develop very decorative fruit in late summer and autumn. Species include the common dogwood Cornus sanguinea of Eurasia, the widely cultivated flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) of eastern North America, the Pacific dogwood Cornus nuttallii of western North America, the Kousa dogwood Cornus kousa of eastern Asia, and two low-growing boreal species, the Canadian and Eurasian dwarf cornels (or bunchberries), Cornus canadensis and Cornus suecica … Some bloom in late winter before the leaves open, and others put on their show in the fall. Plus, its unusual, fragrant, thread-like flowers give the plant another common name: the silk tree. Keep the soil moisture consistent, as these plants don’t do well in soil that’s too wet or too dry. It is the long clusters of flowers that make this tree so enticing for both people and butterflies. In late spring, abundant clusters of slightly fragrant flowers attract butterflies. It’s low-maintenance, with pruning only necessary for shaping or to remove damaged portions. Pawpaw trees have foot-long leaves and tropical-looking fruits with a flavor described as a cross between an avocado and a sweet mango. The clover-like leaves allow some dappled sun to break through, but it is the long clusters of brilliant yellow flowers that make this tree a stunner. They are beloved for their delicate leaves, which can be deeply lobed, sometimes to the point of being fringed. The thinnest of all the weeping Alaska cedars, it reaches 20 feet tall but is only 1 foot wide! Alternate-leaved Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) Gray Dogwood (Cornus racemosa) Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) Rough-leaved Dogwood (Cornus drummondii) Round-leaved Dogwood (Cornus rugosa) This tree may be considered invasive in some areas, so check to see if it's problematic in your area before planting it. Cockspur Hawthorn (Crataegus Crus-Galli) Take the word "thorn" in the name of this tree seriously. As long as you offer the tree plenty of water and sunshine, like most plants, the Dogwood will do just fine. Place a 2-inch layer of mulch underneath the plant to conserve moisture and keep down weeds. This is a very ornamental specimen tree that grows slowly but can eventually reach heights of over 30 feet. We don't all have room for a mighty oak or a weeping beech in our backyards. In spring, dogwood trees explode with white (or sometimes pink or red) bracts centered with small clusters of yellow flowers. Once the name dogwood was affixed to this kind of tree, it soon acquired a secondary name as the Hound's Tree, while the fruits came to be known as dogberries or houndberries (the latter a name also for the berries of black… In the Midwest, this is a hardier substitute for the acid-loving flowering dogwood. Like other dogwoods, 'Barton' appreciates well-drained soil. Many have attractive bark, such as the white paper bark birch and river birch, along with wonderful golden fall color. The flowers are popular with hummingbirds and butterflies. Its needles are very dense, and it retains its pyramidal shape without pruning. Just be sure to keep the soil moist, especially if you go through stretches without rain. Although the seed pods on this tree are ornamental, they’re also poisonous and should be kept away from children and pets. Pruning typically isn’t necessary outside of removing dead, damaged, or diseased portions. In a very small yard or even just a patio or balcony, these small dogwoods happily grow in containers, depending on the climate. Whether you are looking for a little shade or a bit of color to brighten your property, these trees mature at under 30 feet tall and generally require minimal maintenance to look great. The trees bloom in late spring and grow to about 15 to 25 feet tall. Little Poncho produces a profuse display of flowers in late spring, with bracts that can maintain their warm white and pink color for more than six weeks, according to Fine Gardening. Take the word "thorn" in the name of this tree seriously. February 18, 2009. Select plants with an upright growing habit, and use hanging baskets and other vertical planters to maximize your ground space. You can easily control its size with pruning. Many evergreens make wonderful specimen plants in small yards. Dogwoods can benefit from a 2- to 4-inch layer of mulch to help maintain moisture around the roots in warm summers. The tight branches weep while the central trunk grows straight up. Once it matures to 15 to 25 feet in height, the thorns should not be a problem. Most species have attractive fall foliage in shades of burgundy, orange, and red. Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico.An endemic population once spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern Florida and west to the Mississippi River. Eastern Flowering Dogwood is a small tree that reaches 3-10 metres in height and has oval leaves arranged in pairs along the branch. Crepe myrtles bloom on new wood and should be pruned in late winter. The Dogwood Tree is a majestic ornamental, well adapted to life in the United States. Most grow to only 15 to 25 feet tall. Dwarf dogwood, also known as red-tipped dogwood, is a small compact, mounded shrub reaching 2 to 3 feet high and 3 to 4 feet wide. Two standout varieties are 'Abbeville Blue' with its deep blue flowers and 'Silver Spire' with its pure-white flowers. Dogwood berries can be bright red, white, dark blue, or even a combination of dark blue and white, as with the silky dogwood. Like crabapples and rose hips, the fruits are edible but tart. Dark green leaves, 3 to 6 inches long, turn an attractive red in fall. So there are many reasons to plant a Cornus in your garden. All Kousa species have good disease resistance, especially to anthracnose, and this tree is no exception. Saucer magnolias might need a bit of shaping through pruning, but they don't grow much taller than 20 to 25 feet. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. After establishment, dwarf dogwoods require about 1 inch of water per week during dry periods. Kousa dogwood* (Zones 5-8): A 20-to-30-foot tree that’s draped in snow-white or rosy-pink flowers Lollipop crabapple (Zones 3-8): A 10-to-15-foot tree with a slender spread of bushy, white flowers Cornelian cherry dogwood* (Zones 4-8): A slow-growing tree that reaches 25 feet and displays clusters of yellow flowers in very early spring Japan, Asia and other parts of the world/Getty Images. These are small trees, averaging 10 to 20 feet tall, and they are very low maintenance. There are green- and red-leaf varieties that turn eye-catching shades of red, orange, and purple in the fall. The scientific name for this type is Cornus florida. Date added to the Species at Risk in Ontario List. Cornus florida 'Barton', with its lovely white blooms, would make a nice addition to a woodland garden in zones 5b-8a. These plants are tolerant of heat and some drought, though they grow best with consistent moisture. These are spring bloomers that look best when given a prominent spot of their own in which they can spread out. It is native to Eastern North … Regular pruning typically isn’t necessary, though you can remove lower branches to create more of a tree-like canopy. This adorable dogwood makes the perfect addition to pathways, outdoor seating areas and smaller landscapes. Its blooms can appear in early through late spring. Also, removing the lower branches can expose the attractive bark. Similar species: • Alternate-leaved Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) - has alternate leaves. Generally, it doesn’t have many problems with pests or diseases. Missouri Botanical Garden: Cornus canadensis, Fast Growing Trees: Little Poncho Dwarf Dogwood, Fine Gardening: A Small Tree With Four-Season Impact, Missouri Botanical Garden: Cornus florida 'Red Pygmy', Information About the Burgundy Belle Red Maple Tree. This tree tops out at about 8 to 10 feet, according to Fast Growing Trees, and it thrives in USDA hardiness zones 5 to 8. This species and the Pacific dogwood are prone to … Pacific Dogwood (Cornus Nuttallii) Pacific dogwoods are native to the west coast of North America. However, if you have limited space, you may want to consider one of the smaller dogwoods, sometimes called mini dogwood trees. Pruning isn’t always necessary but can be done as needed in late winter. Some types of dogwood trees are grown for their true flowers, however, which are borne in clusters of small … Garden Photo World/Georgianna Lane/Getty Images. Here are 18 small trees that are ideal for landscaping tight spaces. That’s right – 1 foot! The Dwarf Dogwood "Poncho" is a Japanese Dogwood that only grows to 8-10 ft., unlike an American Dogwood, which can reach heights of 25 ft. Flowering Dogwood. Dogwood Tree Types Of the 17 species of dogwood native to North America, the four most common garden types are native flowering dogwoods, Pacific dogwood, Cornelian cherry dogwood and kousa dogwoods. Once the name dogwood was affixed to this kind of tree, it soon acquired a secondary name as the Hound's Tree, while the fruits came to be known as dogberries or houndberries (the latter a name also for the berries of black… Pacific or mountain dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) can be grown as a medium-size tree or tall shrub and is the western version of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). Other common names: Eastern Flowering Dogwood Other scientific names: Cynoxylon floridum French names: Cornouiller fleuri Family: Dogwood Family (Cornaceae) Group: Dogwoods Distinctive features: Shrub; This dogwood is distinguished by its showy large white flowers that bloom in early spring. They are one of the first trees to bloom in the spring and even look good when they are surrounded by their fallen petals. Some grow only 8 to 10 feet tall while others will mature at around 20 feet. Apr 29, 2015 - The name "dog-tree" entered the English vocabulary before 1548, becoming "dogwood" by 1614. Plant one of these for a lavish pop of white, pink, or red flowers … Dogwood trees are fast growers that can handle a partially shaded site. What it looks like. Wise gardeners know that even the smallest garden has room for a tree. Foliage will … New leaves emerge purplish-red leaf and leaf tips remain red as the rest of leaf matures to green. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. It produces pink flowers and boasts white margins on its leaves. Two outstanding characteristics are the four-petaled, white flowers that appear above the foliage in June and reddish-purple fall color. Size depends on variety, but 15-30ft is common. The flowers can be 10 inches across, giving them their common name of "saucer." There are dwarf varieties that only grow around 8 to 10 feet tall, as well as larger varieties that can reach 40 feet over time. The dwarf Alberta spruce isn't really a dwarf tree; it just grows slowly and does not usually get larger than around 10 to 13 feet tall. The showy, white flowers of the Japanese stewartia tree open over a series of weeks in midsummer. If you want to plant these trees in containers, be aware that container-grown trees are more susceptible to cold. This cultivar is a slow-growing tree that typically reaches just 3 feet tall after five years, then matures to its full 7-foot height at 10 years. Uses. It grows well in USDA hardiness zones as low as 6A. Dogwood Trees belong to the genus Cornus and are a popular small to mid-sized specimen tree with masses of white, pink or red flowers in late spring followed by striking fall foliage on most varieties. Eastern redbuds burst into flower in the very early spring before they leaf out. They provide a month of spring flowers that attract native pollinators, including honeybees. Although beautiful and popular with wildlife, it can be invasive in certain areas, so check with your local cooperative extension office before planting one in your yard. “Endangered” means the species lives in the wild in Ontario but is facing imminent extinction or extirpation. Chamaecyparis nootakatensis ‘Vanden Akker’: Skinny is the best word to describe this columnar tree for small yards and gardens. But if you thin out branches to improve air circulation, it can help to prevent insect and fungal problems. Although it's called the chaste tree, this plant is really more of a deciduous shrub. Plant your tree in a spot that gets enough sun, as pawpaws can get leggy in the shade. Birch trees tend to grow in multi-trunk clumps. However, it does not tolerate pollutants and salt spray very well, so plant it away from roads. reach a majestic height of 40 feet or more. Dogwood trees are renowned for their distinctive pretty flower bracts and large ornamental berries, whilst Dogwood shrubs are loved for their vivid coloured stems that really come into their own in winter. Be sure to plant them in well-draining soil. but blooms later and will bloom again if you deadhead it (remove spent blooms). There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. Paper birches generally need minimal pruning. But if you are looking for a tree, not a ground cover or small bush, you need an actual tree variety of Cornus, albeit it's compact. There are several dogwood species, so make sure you choose one that is suitable for your area. Witch hazel trees have shaggy, citrus-scented blossoms in rich shades of yellow, orange, and red. Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, Japanese Stewartia (Stewartia Pseudocamellia), 11 Great Fragrant Trees for Your Landscape, 17 Types of Flowering Trees for Home Landscaping, 14 Best Fall-Blooming Flowers for Your Perennial Garden, 15 Recommended Flowering Shrubs for Your Home, 20 Best Tall Plants for Container Gardens, 18 Yellow-Flowering Plants for Your Garden, 10 Best Deer-Resistant Shrubs for Landscaping, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages. Their average height is 20 to 40 feet tall. The flowers are more of a hot pink than red, and there are also white flowering varieties. Remove root suckers from your serviceberry if you wish, as they will promote more of a shrub-like, spreading growth habit. A cultivar of the Kousa dogwood, Little Poncho (Cornus kousa ‘Little Poncho’), is one of the best-known mini dogwoods. This is a slow-growing tree that matures to a height of around 15 feet with a similar canopy spread. Their average mature height is 15 to 25 feet tall. It grows up to 25 feet tall, and can spread up to 30 feet wide. Although they can reach 60 feet tall, they have a narrow spread at their base, and their canopy will still allow dappled sunlight to pass through into a small yard. If you have a small garden or are otherwise lacking in space, this is a great option. The plant has an attractive spreading habit that opens into a vase-like shape. Good drainage is a necessity for your planting site. They cover the tree's canopy. Fast Growing Trees recommends adding no additional fertilizer for Little Poncho, which should grow 4 to 8 inches per year; in fact, most dogwoods require little fertilizer. A seriously small cultivar, the dwarf dogwood (Cornus canadensis) has many of the traits of a traditional dogwood although it's not not actually a tree, but a ground cover. Golden chain trees have a distinctive green bark. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. Dwarf hybrids and trees that are naturally small in stature provide structure and privacy for practicality's sake, as well as fragrance, colour and movement for pure pleasure. The mimosa tree has a very tropical appearance with huge, fern-like leaves. Wolf Eyes This is a small variety of the kousa dogwood, growing to only about ten feet in height. Some dogwoods (Cornus spp.) Both Little Poncho and Red Pygmy don't require a shady spot; these trees thrive in sun. Hot, dry conditions can scorch the leaves. This is a good specimen tree for a location with acidic soil and afternoon shade. Even the smallest yards can accommodate a crabapple tree. A seriously small cultivar, the dwarf dogwood (Cornus canadensis) has many of the traits of a traditional dogwood although it's not not actually a tree, but a ground cover. Choose a location in the sun or part shade to enjoy these beautiful specimens. There are several excellent species and varieties. It spreads by underground runners, creating a veritable forest of dogwoods. Also, the trunks of young trees are often floppy and can benefit from staking. Crepe myrtles require a long, warm growing season, but they reward you with stunning flowers throughout the summer and showy fall foliage. This white flowering dogwood tree (Cornus florida) can grow up to 33 ft tall and like moist soil that is slightly acidic. Brighten up your landscape with an adorable version of a Dogwood. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Dwarf Alberta Spruce (Picea Glauca 'Conica'). Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that blooms with white, pink, or red flowers in early spring; it is the state tree of North Carolina. 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