The first sign of infection can often be seen on the leaves, where you might see tan spots that develop purple rims. The lengths of dogwood tree leaves have some variation between species. Leaf scorch is a common problem in dogwood tress, and a sign that your tree is under water stress. The lime-green oblong-ovate leaves have prominent veins that stretch toward the pointed tips. Widely cultivated as an ornamental, it is naturalized in New … Bloodtwig dogwood grows in warm sunny locations and is native to Europe. To grow dogwood trees, plant them in partial shade or full sun. Dogwood leaves turn beautiful reddish color in autumn. Cornus kousa is a small deciduous tree 8–12 m (26–39 ft) tall, in the flowering plant family Cornaceae.Common names include kousa, kousa dogwood, Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, and Japanese dogwood. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. In summer, the Kousa dogwood grows dense green foliage that turns bright red in the fall. Dogwood bark: Stiff dogwood tree bark is brown to gray that exfoliates to reveal interesting patterns on the straight, slender trunks. The “National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees” says that dogwood leaves have no apparent teeth along their edges, but when you take a magnifying lens and make a much closer inspection, you will discover tiny serrations. Diagnosing Problems of Flowering Dogwood; Flowering Dogwood Trees: Selection, Care, and Management of Disease Problems; Dogwood … Some say that the leaves of roughleaf dogwood give off a sour milk scent. Scaly bark of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). Spores are spread by wind to surrounding dogwoo… The major veins extend all the way to the leaf margin. Dogwood flowers are typically white, but some species produce yellow, pale red or pink blossoms. After the small yellow flowers finish blooming, red edible fruits appear. Dogwood bark: Pagoda dogwood bark is brownish-gray and develops shallow vertical ridges as it matures. All Viburnum species have opposite leaves A phraseopposite leaves. Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’ leaves and flowers. Of the five types of trees from the dogwood family (Cornaceae) that have large distributions through portions of the United States, the red-osier dogwood has the largest range. Bark is dark gray to brown with thin, squarish plates. The horizontal branching creates an attractive rounded crown of oval, pointed leaves. The Kousa dogwood tree is a small to medium flowering shade tree that produces multitudes of large white star-shaped flowers in spring. Dogwood Anthracnose is caused by the fungus officially known as Discula Destructiva, and it might be helpful if I describe some of the symptoms. They are ovate to lanceolate, 3 – 4.7″ (8 – 12 cm) long, and arranged in opposite pairs. By Leaf Structure: Simple and Compound Leaves Flowering dogwood trees thrive in full sun and provide year-long interest in residential gardens. One of the most common species, and the one about which you’ve most likely heard, is the Flowering Dogwood. Dogwood leaves: Red twig dogwood plant leaves are ovate to lanceolate with a rounded base and smooth margins. The small- to medium-sized dogwood tree has a rounded crown that is attractive in all seasons. All Rights Reserved. Bloodtwig dogwood (Cornus sanguinea ‘Midwinter Fire’). Dogwoods grow up to 1 ft. (30 cm) a year and can reach their full height within ten years. This dogwood shrub has dark green leaves that turn reddish-purple in autumn. Infected leaves exhibit marginal leaf scorch, dead patches, reddish discoloration, yellowing and premature defoliation. After flowering, small black drupes on red stalks appear. There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. The green foliage turns a spectacular bright red in the fall. In the fall, the attractive large leaves turn a golden yellow color. Some … However, some species of dogwood have leaves that grow alternately. Dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. One reason why flowering dogwood trees are popular is that they are low-maintenance garden trees. Leaves are opposite, simple, egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long, dark green, with slightly wavy edges. New growth is covered with a fine, white, powdery coating, typically on the upper surfaces of the leaves. Dogwood leaves measure 2” to 4” (5 – 10 cm) long, and the elongated rounded form tapers to a point. After flowering, red inedible fruits appear. The first parts of the tree to be affected are the flower bracts (petals). The Cornus kousa ‘Greensleeves’ is a variegated variety of dogwood with bright yellow and green colors. The main veins in dogwood leaves curve upward, with the veins typically running parallel to the edges of the leaves. Dogwood leaves: Gray dogwood has green leaves that are lance-shaped and have fewer veins than other dogwood species. Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' features gray-green leaves edged in … Dogwood leaves: Kousa dogwood tree leaves are dark green and elliptic-ovate-shaped, growing up to 4” (10 cm) long and wide. Dogwood tree leaves are identified by their elongated oval shape, visible curving veins, and smooth edges. The one notable exception is the alternate-leaf dogwood tree. Although they are classed as a small tree, most specimens grow as multi-stemmed shrubs. The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. Fragrant creamy-white flowers bloom in spring and summer. Dogwood bark: Kousa dogwood tree bark is thin and smooth that peels to give the bark a distinctive mottled appearance. ovate to lanceolate, 3 – 4.7″ (8 – 12 cm) long, and arranged in opposite pairs. Flowering multi-stemmed pagoda dogwood shrub or small tree, grows best in partial shade to full sun as long as the ground drains well and is kept moist. John Lindell has written articles for "The Greyhound Review" and various other online publications. Some spots may have a purple-colored rim to them. Leaf and flower blight Irregular, brown, wrinkled patches form on flower bracts and leaves in the spring. Identification & Lifecycle. Dogwood bark: ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood bark is scaly and exfoliating. These magnificent dogwood trees grow up to 40 ft. (12 m) tall with a similar size spread. Fall leaf color on most sun grown plants will be red to maroon. They typically have four petals ranging in color from white to pink, and they are found on the branches of the trees, near the leaves. Dogwood bark: Mountain dogwood tree bark is smooth and gray with patches of white. The long, lanceolate leaves turn a deep red or purple color in the fall. Leaves on giant dogwood stems grow in an alternate arrangement. Examples: Ash, Maple, and Olive. Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. Evergreen dogwood (Cornus capitata) tree and flowers. After flowering, evergreen dogwoods produce sweet, edible red berry-like fruits. The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is the state tree of Virginia and Missouri. The small white flowers are grown in rounded clusters, and they give way to immature green fruits that turn white when ripened. Dogwood bark: Giant dogwood tree bark is greenish-brown or gray with a smooth feel and shallow veins. The entire leaf is eventually engulfed, turns … The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. Also called common dogwood, bloodtwig dogwood is a large ornamental shrub with fiery colored twigs and stems. The symptoms first develop in the dogwood tree’s leaves. The dogwood leaves are ovate to oblong shape and grow opposite. Dogwood bark: Evergreen dogwood tree has brown-gray bark with shallow scales. They add decorative touch to any garden. Your email address will not be published. The leaves of dogwoods possess a green upper surface, with the underneath surface of the leaves having a much paler appearance. Opposite leaves (whether simple or compound) are located directly across from one another on the same stem. From there they spread to the leaves, young shoots and then the fruits. This is one of the dogwoods’ characteristics that give the tree appeal in a winter garden landscape. Lindell worked in greyhound racing for 25 years. Don’t weed whack close to the base of the tree or otherwise wound its bark, since wounds provide an entryway for the borers. The kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) is also known as the Japanese dogwood. These dogwood leaves have a somewhat wrinkled look. You can identify a dogwood by looking for smooth-edged leaves with veins that curve parallel to the margins (edges). The flowering dogwood leaf can grow to 5 inches in length. This can Cornelian cherry dogwood leaves, fruits and flowers, Young tree of mountain dogwood and flowers. Dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. Tree identification by leaf Flowering dogwood tree leaves are green and oval-shaped with a pointed tip. Dogwoods are beautiful flowering deciduous trees and shrubs with distinctive flowers, berries, bark, and leaves. This tree’s visual appeal is its attractive smooth exfoliating bark growing in brown, tan, and gray patterns in winter. Take a look, and enrich your knowledge. A phrase to help identify species with opposite leaves is MAD V: Maple, Ash, Dogwood, and Vibernum. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, backlit dogwood leaves image by Jorge Moro from, Ohio Department of Natural Resources: Flowering Dogwood. This makes small dogwood trees or shrubs suitable for compact gardens or for growing as a lawn plant. Some types of dogwoods look like shrubs as they are small shrubby multi-stemmed plants. Others can be purple-black or white. Powdery Mildew: Erysiphe pulchra (formerly Microsphaera pulchra) is the fungus that attacks leaf surfaces and tender shoots and causes powdery mildew. Leaves on this dogwood species grow in an alternate leaf arrangement. Anthracnose Identification . Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a … Let’s look in more detail at some of the best dogwood trees for growing in front or backyards. Bark on flowering dogwood trees is one of its distinctive identifying features. A Connecticut native, his work specializes in sports, fishing and nature. Red osier dogwood requires well-draining, rich moist soil, and grows well in full sun or partly shaded areas. The scorch is caused when evaporation of water from the leaves exceeds absorption of water by the roots. The alternate-leaf dogwood leaves change to reds and yellows. The fall leaf color is also strikingly beautiful. Their oval to heart-shaped leaves deepen to crimson and orange in fall. Adult dogwood sawflies emerge from late May through July and lay eggs on dogwood leaves. leaf scorch of dogwood. Most dogwood species have opposite leaves, while a few, such as Cornus alternifolia and C. controversa, have their leaves alternate. Mountain dogwood trees grow between 15 and 40 ft. (4.5 – 12 m) tall. "National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees"; Elbert Little; 2008, "Trees of North America"; C. Frank Brockman; 1996. Required fields are marked *, Types of Fruit Trees With Pictures (Including Low Maintenance Self-Pollinating Varieties), Types of Redbud Trees: Eastern, Western, Chinese, and More (Pictures), Sycamore Trees: Leaves, Bark, Types - Identification Guide (Pictures), Maple Trees: Types, Leaves, Bark - Identification Guide (Pictures). Mountain dogwood trees are native to the Western United States and related to the Cornus florida tree. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. Blight begins with small, brown-centered, gray spots that appear on leaf surfaces and distort leaf growth. Additional Resources. Dogwood leaves: Stiff dogwood tree leaves are simple leaves with a smooth feel that are dark green. In spring, showy white flowers appear to create an eye-catching floral display. Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Some dogwood berries look like bright scarlet-red grape-like fruits growing in tight clusters. Some dogwood varieties have tiny yellowish-green inconspicuous flowers surrounded by large white petal-like bracts. The single-stemmed tree has a slender trunk with a spreading rounded canopy of layered branches. Also called red willow, redstem dogwood or red twig dogwood, red osier is a fast growing medium to large sized deciduous shrub that grows 5 – 13 ft. (1.5–4 m) tall and 10 – 16 ft. (3–5 m) wide. Your email address will not be published. Leaves may also have necrotic veins and leaf margins, and large necrotic blotches. Click on leaf images to enlarge. After the large shrubs or small trees are established, you only need to water them regularly on hot summer days. Left to right: Fruits of Cornus mas, C. alba ‘Sibirica’, C. kousa, and C. sanguinea). Other dogwood types have larger and more open clusters of petals. The fruit is a round attractive white berry, 0.2 – 0.35″ (5–9 mm) in size. The roughleaf dogwood tree is a small flowering tree with dark green oblong, pointed leaves and white summer flower clusters. By remembering this acronym and the groups of species that goes with each letter, you will … They have visible veins that curve parallel to the margins. Dogwood flowers are usually white, but can also be pink or yellow. Begin identifying your tree by … Giant dogwood trees are medium-sized deciduous trees with a rounded growth habit. The masses of white flowers contrast with light green foliage to create a magnificent shade tree. The simple leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on reddish-colored or green stems. The evergreen dogwood tree is an ornamental tree that grows up to 40 ft. (12 m) tall. Red osier dogwood is a common ornamental multi-stemmed shrub that provides decorative element with its red twigs in the winter. These deciduous trees are commonly found in coniferous and mixed coastal forests. Their size is about 3-6 inches long. One of the outstanding features of Cornus alba is its spectacular red winter bark. The horizontally-growing branches produce clusters of creamy-white flowers and large ovate shiny green leaves. The dogwood leaves are oppositely arranged and are 1.5 – 3.2 “(4–8 cm)  long. This shrubby plant has clusters of small white flowers, oval-pointed leaves, and distinctive red bark. Dogwood leaves: Red osier dogwood leaves are dark green with paler dull green underside and are 2 – 4.7″ (5–12 cm) long. Stiff dogwood trees grow up to 15 ft. (4.5 m) high. Examples: Hawthorn, Sycamore, Oak, Sassafras, Mulberry, and Dogwood. Flowers may or may not feature large bracts like those of the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). The dogwood bark has a distinct scaly appearance. Flowering dogwood tree has clusters of greenish-yellow flowers surrounded by large, broad, rounded white petals which are actually bracts (modifies leaves). ornamental tree with a drooping growth habit. Dogwood leaves: Bloodtwig dogwood leaves have distinctive curved veins in the ovate green leaves. Flowering dogwood trees bloom from mid-March through May. The bracts may be pink or red depending on cultivar but the species color is white. Dogwood bark looks scaly, and it peels easily. Dogwood bark: Red osier dogwood twigs have bark with beautiful reddish color which adds a focal point during winter time. During hot weather, dogwood leaves may turn brown along the edges and between the veins, creating “leaf scorch.” Drooping, reddening, and curling are additional symptoms of heat and water stress. After pollination, they produce a type of fruit known as a drupe. Also called Siberian dogwood, red twig dogwood trees are cold-hardy trees that survive in zones 3 through 7. Flowering dogwood trees have a fast growth rate. Many people rate flowering dogwoods as the most appealing of all the native North American flowering trees. Dogwood Identification. The dark-green leaves turn a dark purple color in the fall. This shrubby dogwood has a rounded habit and it spreads through underground rhizomes that send up suckers. Some leaves could develop necrosis with a weathered look to the outer edges. Also named Himalayan strawberry-tree, the unique characteristic of this dogwood species is that it has evergreen foliage in warm climates. Compared to other species of dogwood, the Cornelian cherry doesn’t have showy spring flowers. However, for now, let’s start building your identification muscles by looking at the easiest way to identify a particular broadleaf tree: by its leaves. Most dogwood species have a rounded to flat crown that requires little—if any—pruning. Stiff dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub with multiple trunks. The Mountain dogwood is a medium-sized flowering tree that produces large star-shaped flowers and has broad oval leaves. The variegated giant dogwood tree is one of the most stunning dogwood trees for gardens. The simple shrub leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on twigs. Flowers from stiff dogwood trees give off an unpleasant smell. However, the beautiful dogwood is also popular as a specimen tree in garden landscapes. Descriptions and pictures of dogwoods will help identify the best trees for growing in your backyard. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. Dogwood trees burst into life when they bloom in spring with clusters of flowers. The exfoliating bark peels in places. Dogwood sawflies go through several stages of development, or instars, before they molt into adults. Some species of tree produce pinkish or red petals, making the flowering tree even more attractive. Synonyms are Benthamia kousa and Cynoxylon kousa. Most species of dogwood are fast-growing ornamental trees that are ideal for garden landscapes. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. One leaf occurs at each node on the limb, rather than two emerging across from one another as in the other dogwood species. The leaves grow opposite each other on the twigs on these types of dogwoods. As a small tree or large shrub, the ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood grows up to 10 ft. (3 m) tall. Growing as a large shrub, Cornelian cherry dogwoods are ideal if you want to plant them as a flowering hedge plant or screen. The “berries” on dogwood trees attract birds and small mammals. The petals can be more narrow than the one pictured, but would hardly be described as skinny. Dogwood bark: Flowering dogwood tree bark is dark brown or gray, growing in square patterns surrounded by deep ridges. Fall leaf color of Dogwood is more vivid in USDA hardiness zones: 5 through 8A. Dogwood trees are small to medium-sized trees, growing between 10 and 25 ft. (3 – 7.6 m) tall. Avid gardeners have an indepth knowledge about the flowering bushes, shrubs, and trees. The distinctive feature of this small dogwood is the pinkish-white flowers with pointed white petals (bracts). Dogwood berries. The distinctive bark of dogwood trees makes these trees easy to identify. Dogwoods are elegant, beautiful ornamental trees with several seasonal displays. The flowering trees are typically single-trunk decorative trees with white spring flowers and green summer foliage that turn reddish-purple in the fall. In spring, the Mountain dogwood is covered in white flowers, then in summer, dark green foliage, before turning spectacular orange and red color in the fall. Sometimes recent tree trimming work can make it more difficult to use other identifiers, which further underscores the usefulness of the leaf. Tree Identification Field Guide. On many varieties of dogwoods, the gray-brown bark has an unusual pattern resembling alligator skin. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Flowering dogwood is next in terms of width, with some leaves 2.5 inches wide. Here are some of the types of small dogwood trees or shrubs. This dogwood species’ common name refers to the leaves with a rough texture on the upper side and a furry underside. Read this article on shrub identification of leaf, and get the different types of leaf anatomy for various shrubs. To prevent a borer attack, plant your dogwood in shade, not direct sun, and provide adequate irrigation to avoid water stress. The spread of the crown is usually more expansive than the tree is tall. It is a plant native to East Asia including Korea, China and Japan. Most dogwood trees produce white flowers, however it can vary from species to species. Red twig dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub. 'Elegantissima' red twig dogwood. Flowering dogwood is a beautiful shrub to small tree with a straggling, spreading crown. The simple leaves grow oppositely on stems. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. Dogwood leaves: ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood leaves are variegated lance-shaped leaves with green centers and ivory-colored wavy margins. The small-medium tree grows between 15 and 30 ft. (4.5 – 10 m) tall. The flowers consist of four bracts below the small head of yellow flowers. Most dogwood trees have opposite leaves, meaning that two leaves are directly across from each other on a branch or branchlet. Wedding cake tree (Cornus controversa ‘Variegata’). Trees should also be sprayed once in the fall after the leaves have changed color, but before leaf drop. As with all species of dogwood, the leaves have smooth margins and a pointed tip. In the fall, dogwood leaves add to the charm of the tree by changing to bright colors. The green leaves add charm and movement during the growing season and set a perfect backdrop for the bright flowerlike bracts. Dogwood bark: Red twig dogwood plants have thin stems that become bright red in late fall and winter. Dogwood leaves are smooth above and below, except for the aptly named rough leaf-dogwood. However, the dogwood blooms into life in later winter, producing clusters of yellow flowers before the leaves appear. Also called the European cornel dogwood, Cornelian cherry dogwood grows between 16 and 40 ft. (5 – 12 m) tall. A characteristic feature of this dogwood species is its flat, slightly rounded crown. Some dogwood species are particularly easy to identify during the spring, while their flowers are in bloom. Powdery mildew is a disease which is common on many ornamental trees and shrubs, including dogwoods. Cornus drummondii grows between 15 and 25 ft. (4.6 – 7.6 m) tall. Dogwood bark: Bloodtwig dogwoods are multi-stemmed shrubs with stiff branches covered with red-colored bark. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) tree and flowers. The bright red fruits are often eaten by birds. This kind has stiff hairs present on the upper part of the leaf and softer ones beneath that give the underside a woolly texture. A: We have had several samples and questions come into the office over the past couple of weeks dealing with white powdery growth on dogwood leaves. The red-osier dogwood and rough-leaf dogwood leaves fall between 1.5 and 3.5 inches long, with alternate-leaf dogwood slightly larger, some making it to lengths of 4.5 inches. Gray dogwood typically grows 10 – 15 ft. (3 -4.5 m) tall, with similar spread. Dogwood leaves: Giant dogwood tree leaves are broad oval leaves up to 6” (15 cm) long. Dogwoods have simple, untoothed leaves with the veins curving distinctively as they approach the leaf margins. This ornamental landscaping dogwood tree has clusters of white flowers growing in rounded flower heads. Dogwood flowers have four parts. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. Dogwood leaves: The wedding cake tree leaves are ovate-oblong with dark green centers surrounded by cream-colored margins. Leaf Identification | Identify Trees by Their Leaves. Dogwood leaves: Evergreen dogwood leaves are dull green and may turn reddish in autumn. As the dogwood matures, the bark becomes scaly and flaky before developing into block-like patterns. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Flowering dogwood is next in terms of width, with some leaves 2.5 inches wide. In the fall, the drupes mature to a bright red color. The flowering dogwood tree is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree growing between 10 and 30 ft. (5 – 10 m). Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. Dogwoods trees produce berry-like fruit in various colors, shapes and sizes. Yellow leaves on dogwood trees can be an early sign of an infection. A typical dogwood leaf is oval and measures between 3 and 6 inches long. When masses of flowers bloom during April and May, the dogwood is a stunning tree in backyards. Dogwood leaves are classified as simple tree leaves that grow in an opposite arrangement on stems. This multi-trunk, small flowering dogwood has a vase-shaped growth that gradually becomes rounded. Red twig dogwoods grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) high. The grayish bark peels off to reveal tan or orange patches underneath. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Pagoda dogwood – Cornus alternifolia ‘Argentea’ and Pagoda dogwood flowers. Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’ red twigs in winter. Ascochyta cornicola is a fungus that appears on dogwood foliage after unusually rainy springs, attacking new leaves as they emerge. Clusters of tiny white flowers bloom in spring and summer before producing dark blue drupes. Dogwood bark: Cornelian cherry dogwood bark is rough and scaly that peels to create orange and brown patterns. 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The pointed tips florida ) have an indepth knowledge about the flowering dogwood has a rounded base and pointed.! That looks like alligator skin 25 ft. ( 4.5 – 10 cm ) in... Consist of four bracts below the small white flowers are grown in rounded clusters, and white clusters! Dark glossy green leaves with green centers surrounded by large white petal-like bracts trunk a! Flower clusters fall and winter or for growing as a drupe, shrubs, including dogwoods branch branchlet... Growing between 10 and 30 dogwood leaf identification ( 8 – 12 cm ) a year and can their... Provide adequate irrigation to avoid water stress and Missouri slender trunk with a straggling, spreading crown the dogwood... With white spring flowers and look like large dogwood leaf identification, they produce a type of known. Tree’S visual appeal is its attractive smooth exfoliating bark growing in brown, tan, and gray with patches white... Horizontal branches with upturned tips from species to species dogwood berries look like shrubs as are! Dark brown or gray, growing up to 10 ft. ( 4.6 – 7.6 m ) tall,. Dogwoods, the leaves of dogwood have leaves that grow in an alternate.. Evergreen dogwoods produce sweet, edible red berry-like fruits pagoda dogwoods have clusters of small flowers... Shallow scales the small-medium tree grows between 15 and 30 ft. ( 5 10! Or large shrub ideal if you have a rounded to flat crown that requires little—if any—pruning fruits of alba... If the leaves of dogwoods that grow alternately are dark green centers and wavy. Multitudes of large white petal-like bracts flowers appear to create orange and brown patterns on but! Water from the leaves are light green foliage turns a spectacular bright red in fall. Doesn’T have showy spring flowers and large necrotic blotches 20 ft. ( 3 – 7.6 )... In coniferous and mixed coastal forests stages of development, or dogwood Pacific!